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[图文]Linux集群lvs实战

2014/9/18 作者:不详 来源: 华盟收集
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  Linux集群-LVS(DR)+Heartbeat

  LVS+Heartbeat

  

  LVS1和LVS2所完成一样的工作,那么配置脚本也相同。唯一不同的是heartbeat配置文件ha.cf心跳地址不同。

  真实的web,mysql,ftp……配置一样

  LVS配置

  #!/bin/bash

  ######lvs######

  ifconfig eth0:0 222.90.88.88 broadcast 222.90.88.88 netmask 255.255.255.255 up

  route add -host 222.90.88.88 dev eth0:0

  ipvsadm -C

  ipvsadm -A -t 222.90.88.88:80 -s rr

  ipvsadm -a -t 222.90.90.88.88:80 -r 222.90.88.10 -g

  ipvsadm -a -t 222.90.90.88.88:80 -r 222.90.88.20 -g

  ipvsadm

  Web配置

  #!/bin/bash

  ######real server######

  ifconfig lo:0 222.90.88.88 broadcast 222.90.88.88 netmask 255.255.255.255 up

  route add -host 222.90.88.88 dev lo:0

  ######ipvsadm######

  echo “1” > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/lo/arp_ignore

  echo “2” > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/lo/arp_announce

  echo “1” > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/all/arp_ignore

  echo “2” > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/all/arp_announce

  sysctl -p

[NextPage]

  操作:

  四台LINUX主机(LVS1,LVS2和SEV1,SEV2)

  LVS1安装heartbeat

  #rpm -ivh heartbeat-pils-2.1.3-3.el5.centos.i386.rpm

  #rpm -ivh heartbeat-stonith-2.1.3-3.el5.centos.i386.rpm

  #rpm -ivh heartbeat-2.1.3-3.el5.centos.i386.rpm

  #rpm -q heartbeat -d(解压文件)

  #cd /usr/share/docheartbeat-2.1.3/

  #cp authkeys ha.cf haresources /etc/ha.d

  #cd /etc/ha.d

  #vim authkeys

  ……

  auth 1

  1 crc

  ……

  #vim /haresources

  ……

  vip-server1 222.90.88.88 vip.sh(LVS1,vip.sh存放在/etc/init.d[开机时自启])

  ……

  #vim /ha.cf

  …….

  bcast eth0 #Linux (心跳检测网卡)

  …….

  ucast eth0 222.90.88.40 (ping LVS2)

  …….

  node vip-server1 (LVS1机器名)

  node vip-server2 (LVS2机器名)

  …….

  #chmod 600 authkeys

  #vim /etc/init.d/vip.sh

  #!/bin/sh

  ifconfig eth0:0 222.90.88.88 broadcast 222.90.88.88 netmask 255.255.255.255 up

  route add -host 222.90.88.88 dev eth0:0

  ######setup ipvs######

  ipvsadm -C

  ipvsadm -A -t 222.90.88.88:80 -s rr

  ipvsadm -a -t 222.90.88.88:80 -r 222.90.88.10 -g

  ipvsadm -a -t 222.90.88.88:80 -r 222.90.88.20 -g

  ipvsadm

  #chmod 777 vip.sh

  #/etc/init.d/vip.sh

  LVS2安装heartbeat

  #rpm -ivh heartbeat-pils-2.1.3-3.el5.centos.i386.rpm

  #rpm -ivh heartbeat-stonith-2.1.3-3.el5.centos.i386.rpm

  #rpm -ivh heartbeat-2.1.3-3.el5.centos.i386.rpm

  #rpm -q heartbeat -d(解压文件)

  #cd /usr/share/docheartbeat-2.1.3/

  #cp authkeys ha.cf haresources /etc/ha.d

  #cd /etc/ha.d

  #vim authkeys

  ……

  auth 1

  1 crc

  ……

  #vim /haresources

  ……

  vip-server1 222.90.88.88 vip.sh(LVS1,vip.sh存放在/etc/init.d[开机时自启])

  ……

  #vim /ha.cf

  …….

  bcast eth0 #Linux (心跳检测网卡)

  …….

  ucast eth0 222.90.88.30 (ping LVS1)

  …….

  node vip-server1 (LVS1机器名)

  node vip-server2 (LVS2机器名)

  …….

  #chmod 600 authkeys

  #vim /etc/init.d/vip.sh

  #!/bin/sh

  ifconfig eth0:0 222.90.88.88 broadcast 222.90.88.88 netmask 255.255.255.255 up

  route add -host 222.90.88.88 dev eth0:0

  ######setup ipvs######

  ipvsadm -C

  ipvsadm -A -t 222.90.88.88:80 -s rr

  ipvsadm -a -t 222.90.88.88:80 -r 222.90.88.10 -g

  ipvsadm -a -t 222.90.88.88:80 -r 222.90.88.20 -g

  ipvsadm

  #chmod 777 vip.sh

  #/etc/init.d/vip.sh

[NextPage]

  SER1操作

  #vim /etc/init.d/lvs.sh

  #!/bin/sh

  ######realserver######

  ifconfig lo:0 222.90.88.88 broadcast 222.90.88.88 netmask 255.255.255.255 up

  route add -host 222.90.88.88 dev lo:0

  echo “1” > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/lo/arp_ignore

  echo “2” > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/lo/arp_announce

  echo “1” > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/all/arp_ignore

  echo “2” > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/all/arp_announce

  sysctl -p

  #vim /var/www/html/index.html

  this is SER1

  #service httpd start

  SER2操作

  #vim /etc/init.d/lvs.sh

  #!/bin/sh

  ######realserver######

  ifconfig lo:0 222.90.88.88 broadcast 222.90.88.88 netmask 255.255.255.255 up

  route add -host 222.90.88.88 dev lo:0

  echo “1” > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/lo/arp_ignore

  echo “2” > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/lo/arp_announce

  echo “1” > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/all/arp_ignore

  echo “2” > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/all/arp_announce

  sysctl -p

  #vim /var/www/html/index.html

  this is SER2

  #service httpd start

  测试故障状态

  LVS2heartbeat停止,LVS1正常;SER1,SER2正常

  LVS1 heartbeat停止,LVS2正常;SER1,SER2正常

  LVS1正常,LVS2正常;SER1不正常,SER2正常

  LVS1正常,LVS2正常;SER1正常,SER2不正常